Tomorrow marks the 26th anniversary of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait that took place August 2, 1990. The Iraqi Army attempted to erase the existence and identity of Kuwait and its people. The Kuwaiti people, home and abroad, immediately responded by uniting under the National Flag, where they fought and defended the country, its leadership and its freedom. Troops of the dictator Saddam Hussein went on a rampage, burning 752 barrels of oil and filling trenches with oil as a barrier between them and the coalition forces.
It was under the guidance and leadership of the late Amir His Highness Sheikh Jaber Al-Sabah, the late Father Amir His Highness Sheikh Saad Al-Sabah, and His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, who was Foreign Minister of Kuwait at the time, and with the help of the people, that Kuwait was able to achieve its liberation. The international community offered its financial, political and moral support to Kuwait.
The United Nations Security Council made a number of crucial decisions, starting with Resolution 660, in which it demanded the immediate withdrawal of the Iraqi forces under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter. Arab countries also demanded immediate withdrawal of the Iraqi forces. The late Amir, His Highness Sheikh Jaber played a key role in mobilizing diplomatic support from the Arab and international communities in favor of supporting Kuwait and regaining its legitimacy and sovereignty.
Kuwait declared that the Iraqi regime could not be trusted or dealt with as long as it was under the leadership of the dictator Saddam Hussein. Kuwait also declared that the Iraq's people were victims of the dictatorial regime, and that they stand in solidarity with its people, an Arab and Muslim people just like them.
During the invasion, His Highness Sheikh Sabah stated that "we distinguish between the Iraqi regime and the Iraqi people, and we are outraged that the people of our neighboring country must endure poverty and starvation." His Highness stressed that Kuwait will continue to help the Iraqi people after the invasion, especially the refugees in the north and south. His Highness Sheikh Sabah's famous proclamation on August 4, 1998 was in response to allegations by the Iraqi regime that Kuwait was behind the international sanctions on the government of Baghdad.
Sheikh Sabah said, "we are not a giant country for us to force the United Nations to lift or place sanctions on Iraq, and that the Iraqis who reside in Kuwaiti live with dignity and respect." In another statement by Sheikh Sabah on November 23, 1998, during a visit from former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Egypt, Amr Moussa, he stated, "Kuwait does not plan inflicting any harm on Iraq and its people and overthrowing the dictator Saddam Hussein is an internal affair that Kuwait will not interfere with." Kuwait and its people adhere to humanitarian principles that compelled it to return to providing support and aid to the Iraqi people in 1993.
Under the direction of Sheikh Sabah, Kuwait Red Crescent Society (KRCS) provided aid and assistance to the refugees in Iraq and Iran in April of 1995, adamant to help support for the Iraqi people and to do so with kindness, love, and respect. In April 2008, Kuwait donated USD one million to the UN refugee agency to help in its operations aiming to lessen the suffering of the Iraqi people who do not have the most basic needs of food, water, health care and education. In November 2010, Kuwait announced offering USD one million to the UN agency to provide aid to the homeless who fled for safety reasons.
During the 65th session of the Social, Humanitarian and Cultural and Social Committee of the UN General Assembly, the Kuwaiti diplomat, Hassan Shaker Abulhasan stressed that providing Iraq with protection and insuring people's safety and security is a shared responsibility of the international community. On July 11, 2014, Kuwait donated three million dollars in humanitarian aid for Iraq to the UN refugee agency, and donated USD 200 million dollars in 2015. During the month of Ramadan of this year, Kuwait distributed 12,000 food parcels through its charity organizations in Kurdistan, and distributed 40,000 rations of food last year through the Kuwait Red Crescent Society.